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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 7(2); 2009 > Article
Relation of First Aid associated with Complications after Snake Bites
Jae-Cheon Jeon, Dong-Ha Lee, Geun-Yong Kwon, Sung-Jin Kim
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2009;7(2):105-112
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: December 31, 2009
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center
2Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center
3Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University School of Public Health
4Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center

Purpose: There have been local wound complications in patients who have received first aid after venomous snake bites. Yet first aid in relation to local wound complications has not been well studied. Methods: We conducted a 5-year retrospective study of 111 snake bite patients who visited the emergency departments of several medical centers between January 2004 and December 2008. We categorized the patients into those who had complications with inadequate first aid, those who had complications without first aid those who had complications with adequate first aid. We compared the genera characteristics and the laboratory and clinical findings of the three groups. Results: The ale o female ratio was 1.36. The most common bite site was fingers. The most common systemic symptom was dizziness (6.3%) and the most common complication was rhabdomyolysis (23.4%). The inadequate first aids group had more local complications (cellulitis, skin necrosis) than did the group with adequate first aid or the group with no first aids. Conclusion: Inadequate first aid after snake bite leads to local complications, so we must be careful to administer first aid after snake bite and evaluate this first aid in elation to local complications.

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JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology